Alphabet - ਪਹਿਲਾ

- ਰਾਰਾ - Raaraa - thirty-second letter of the Gurmukhi alphabet.

Name: Raaraa
Shape: ਰ - see note*
Spelling: ਰਾਰਾ
Sound: 'r' as the 'r' in 'rat'.
Type: Consonant

This letter sometimes appears added to the preceding consonant thus without a vowel sound added (doing so modifies the pitch of the voice - raising it - because Punjabi is a tonal language). This is done by writing it at the foot of that consonant. See 'Other Bits' for more details.

Mouth: hold your mouth in exactly the same way that you would if you were saying the sound of the Roman alphabet letter 'r' as in the start of the word 'rat' although you might want to hold your tongue a little closer to your teeth when you do it.
Tongue: tip up against the teeth
Soft Palette: blocking the nose
Lips: apart
Vocal Chords: Used
Aspirated: no

Confusion: ਹ ਰ ਗ ਰਾ
Reading: When you first start, there is a fair chance that you might confuse ਰ with ਹ. Remember that the curl doesn't make it back to the vertical bar in ਹ.
Another one to be aware of with written Gurmukhi (as opposed to printed) is that a ਰ followed by a badly written kannaa ('ਰਾ') can look like a ਗ. The answer is to make sure that you write your kannas properly.
Writing: The same confusion as with reading. You'll need to take a bit of care with this one. You won't write many ਹs to start with so you will probably draw the curl right back to the vertical bar. When writing a ਰ, make sure that you do write it all of the way back to the bar.
With the ਗ - ਰਾ confusion, make sure that you write your kannas only half way down - three quarters of the way down and it becomes ambiguous.

Copyright ©2007-2023 Paul Alan Grosse.