Gurmukhi Vowels - ਮੁਕਤਾ (Mukta) ਅ ਕ
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ਅ ਕ - ਮੁਕਤਾ - Mukta.


Name: Mukta
Shape: ਅ ਕ - see note*.
Spelling: ਮੁਕਤਾ
Drawing: ਅ This is just Aerdaa on its own. This is the only vowel carrier that does appear on its own - all of the others have vowels with them.

ਕ As there is no sign to add, the letter appears on its own.
*Note: This is the only page this will be mentioned on but it applies to all of the other vowel shapes as well. In each case, the vowel shape on its own vowel carrier and the vowel on kakkaa will be displayed. For Mukta only, there is nothing added to the letter so here, kakkaa appears on its own.

Sound: A short 'a' as in a cross between the first 'a' and the last 'a' in 'panorama' - see note** and note***.
Duration: short
**Note: The sound is very short - so short that it is arguable as to what the English vowel equivalent is. This is demonstrated by the word Punjabi (sometimes written - more correctly - as Panjabi) which is written ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (Panjabi) but not ਪੁੰਜਾਬੀ (Punjabi - which is what is usually written in English - incorrectly).

So, it's very short and it hasn't got any particular sound. You can see from its position in the vowel spectrum that it is in the middle - ie, you don't have to contort your mouth in any particular way in order to say it.
***Note: Here, we have an example of how, using Roman text, we have a word with three 'a's in it and they all sound different. In Gurmukhi, you could write 'panorama' as ਪੈਨੌੱਰਾਮ (sounding the trailing, implicit 'ਅ)'.

ਕਾ
ਕਿ
ਕੀ
ਕੁ
ਕੂ
ਕੇ
ਕੈ
ਕੋ
ਕੌ
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