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Learning how to read and write Gurmukhi text . . .
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Introduction . . .

For your operating system, you need to be able to: see Gurmukhi characters on the screen and printed page, input your own Gurmukhi characters using various methods and know about problems you might encounter with various browsers.   click on one of the other OSes, below-right, to change this  
Selected system:
Microsoft Windows 98SE


Gurmukhi Fonts . . .

It is important that you have a font that is capable of displaying the characters that you need and, displaying them in the right way. So, 'ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ' displays correctly, looking like this: amritsar. Common errors are the paer rarra failing to display correctly and the sihari appearing after the mamma/paer rarraa, looking like this: amritsar - wrong.

Unfortunately, Windows 98SE has no built-in support for UniCode so whilst you can use a UTF-8 font to display UniCode characters in web pages such as these, you will not be able to type them in using your keyboard (you can still type in the XML codes such as ਪ for ਪ though). Instead, you will be limited to using one of these ASCII-type fonts which will place restrictions on what you can do with it.

Gurmukhi Fonts page.


Font Installation . . .

Once you have your fonts, you need to install them on your system. This page will take you through that installation so that you can use them in word processing, web design, image processing and so on.

Font Installation page.


Configuring Gurmukhi Keyboard Input . . .

This page will show you how to configure your system so that you can input the codes necessary to display the correct characters on the screen. In this way, inputting Gurmukhi using proper UniCode is just as easy as typing in English on a QWERTY keyboard.

Configuring Gurmukhi Keyboard Input page.


Gurmukhi Keyboard Layout . . .

Configuring Gurmukhi Keyboard Input . . .

On the whole, the Indian Gurmukhi keyboard layouts have a lot in common with each other but each operating system has its own quirks. This page will show you the layout for your operating system.

Gurmukhi Keyboard Layout page.


Other Gurmukhi Input Methods . . .

This page will show you how to input Gurmukhi using other methods for input.

Other Gurmukhi Input Methods.


Gurmukhi UniCode . . .

Another important feature is that the characters don't interfere with any other character set's address space. Some fonts use the normal output from the keyboard to produce Gurmukhi text but without the right font, they look like a string of normal ASCII alphabet that just happens to be nothing but spelling errors.

One example of this is the place name 'ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤਸਰ' which should look like this amritsar but instead, when the right font isn't loaded, looks like this instead 'AMm@riqsr'

This will be pick up on by search engines as nothing more than garbage so if you want to have your web pages readable by search engines such as Google, you need to use a font that complies with a standard. That standard is UTF-8. This page shows you how to use such a font.

Gurmukhi UniCode page.


Browsers . . .

This page shows you what browsers on various operating systems are capable of doing. Using a special test string, you can see for yourself how well the browser is able to reproduce simple text.

Browsers page.


Other Applications . . .

Here are some applications that support Gurmukhi writing.

Asymetrix 3D/FX and Lotus WordPro97 office suite run comfortably on Windows 98SE and are relatively stable - you can push them fairly hard without them bringing down the system. I have written a novel and hundreds of articles using Lotus WordPro97 and used Asymetrix 3D/FX for producing various 3D images - they are both good at their respective jobs.

This page shows you how to input text using an ASCII-based font and Lotus WordPro97 and also, one way of processing Gurmukhi text in images using Micrografx Picture Publisher.

Other Applications page.

Gurmukhi
fonts
Font
installation
Configure
keyboard
Keyboard
layout
Other
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methods
Gurmukhi
UniCode
Browsers
Other
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 Next - Gurmukhi Fonts
 
Understand how to use Indic writing systems as an alternative to Western alphabets.
 
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